If you have been to a concert, you most likely are very much aware of what it means when one mentions the phrase guitar improvisation. Improvised music is the technique of capturing what one is feeling by permitting your inner sentiment to speak through the instrument. It is the most creative, communicative and a showcase of precision, skills, techniques and creativity that leaves the audience in awe.
The key factor is familiarizing with all parts of the instrument and being able to use the techniques effectively. In general there are two techniques in guitar improvisation, these are horizontal and vertical techniques. In horizontal technique, a guitarist plays a solo based on his current scale while in vertical technique he gets to play one base on his current chord.
In order to achieve this, a person should first identify with the scales, the practice does not involve playing random notes hoping to create a good sound. In guitar playing a person should refer to certain scale notes which are used as a structure of the tune. Hence identifying the right kind of scale to use with the chord sequence can help a person acquire a mileage out of the technique.
These practicing scales help in building ones muscle memory and lead the fingers. Secondly one should learn the Arpeggios. These are series of notes which structure a chord. However, unlike a chord these notes are not played simultaneously but one after another in a series. The notes are very important and one does not require a lot of efforts to identify the notes.
After getting familiar with the scales one should move on to experiment with a jam track. Listen to how the notes sound over the track gradually experimenting other techniques of playing the notes and use the ears to select what sounds nice. The best way to kick start this is with blues soloing. This is because the twelve bar blues progression is consistent thus it makes it simpler to memorize. This can help one learn how to anticipate the chord changes.
Moreover, there are lesser wrong key notes in blues thus when a person is playing a wrong note it will not cause a lot of damage. The next step is structuring of decent licks. Here a person should make out licks on a paper and learn how to play them.
Guitar improvisation necessitates patience, time, dedication and a lot of practice. But most of all one should learn how to listen.
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